The province of Yehud was roughly the same land as the kingdom of Judah, which included the tribal allotments of Judah and Benjamin. The population, however, was much smaller. In reality, it was only Jerusalem and some towns/villages in the highlands. It had virtually no access to the coastal highways or trade routes and existed solely for the purpose of preserving the Temple practices. The population list in Ezra 2 are those who were running the towns, the “chiefs of the fathers’ houses”).